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Guangxi zhuang autonomous region
The geographical position
Guangxi is located in the southwest of China's coastal areas. It borders on beibu bay in the south, guangdong in the east, hunan in the northeast, guizhou in the northwest, yunnan in the west, and the democratic republic of Vietnam in the southwest. Guangxi has a wide land area, both land and sea, with 1,595 kilometers of coastline and 653 islands with an area of more than 500 square meters. The total land area of the district is 36,700 square kilometers, accounting for 2.46% of the total land area of the country, ranking the 9th in the country. The extensive distribution of karst is one of the features of the landscape of guangxi.
History and culture
Guangxi is called "GUI" for short, with a long history. In the late paleolithic period, 40, 000 years ago, "liujiang people" and "kirin mountain people" worked here. After qin shi huang unified the lingnan area, he excavated the soul canal and connected the Yangtze river and the pearl river, which promoted the economic and cultural exchanges between guangxi and the central plains. With a long history, guangxi has formed a colorful and unique national culture. In the spring and autumn and warring states period, the cliff paintings created by the ancestors of guangxi along the zuojiang river, the big bronze drum created before the han dynasty, and the dry column buildings of primitive simplicity and elegance, which could avoid dampness and heat and prevent snake and beast aggression, became the cultural representatives of guangxi at that time. Zhenwu pavilion in Ming dynasty and cheng Yang wind and rain bridge of dong nationality in sanjiang are of high scientific and artistic value.
The administrative area
Guangxi, as the full name of guangxi zhuang autonomous region, now has jurisdiction over 14 prefecture-level cities, 34 municipal districts, 7 county-level cities, 56 counties and 12 autonomous counties (a total of 109 county-level administrative units). It covers an area of more than 230,000 square kilometers. Nanning, capital of the autonomous region, now has six districts and six counties. Six areas: jiangnan area, green area `, LiangQing `, nanning ning, ` xixiang pond area `, xin area. Six counties: wuming county, binyang county, shanglin county, hengxian county, mashan county, longan county.
The economic development
Thanks to the sustained and sound development of reform and opening-up in the past 20 years, guangxi's comprehensive strength has been greatly enhanced, forming an industrial system of considerable size and complete categories. Sugar, non-ferrous metal, automobile and machinery manufacturing, building materials, metallurgy, chemical industry and so on one batch of Lin advantage industry get fast development, the mechanism of sugar, rosin, mini cars, loader, OVM group of anchor anchoring system gradually formed a batch of fist products, such as food, pharmaceutical and aluminum processing industry are emerging, such as biological, electronic and information engineering and other high-tech industry emergence.
With a population of over 46 million, guangxi is the ninth largest among 32 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions in the country. The territory is inhabited by 12 ethnic groups, including zhuang, han, yao, miao, dong, mulai, MAO nan, hui and shui, and 25 ethnic minorities. The zhuang population accounts for about one-third of the region's population, with more than 13 million people.
Guangxi is rich in tourism resources. According to statistics, the whole region has more than 400 scenic spots and scenic spots for development, which are distributed in 8 regions and 63 counties. The fenglin in guangxi is a typical representative of the perfect tropical karst topography. They are pulled up flat, imposing and strange. The most typical form and the most beautiful scenery are the limestone peaks in guilin and yangshuo, which were once praised as "the world of green jade bamboo shoots" by xu xiake, a traveler in the Ming dynasty. Guangxi caves numerous and beautiful landscape, known as "no mountains no holes, no holes not strange" said. Guangxi has a long history, ancient humanity, ancient architecture, ancient cultural sites, ancient water conservancy projects, stone carvings, tombs and other ancient cultural relics and revolutionary struggle memorial sites are numerous. Is based on a variety of ethnic minority as the main body of the zhuang nationality in guangxi ethnic minority autonomous region, their own language, dress, buildings, living habits, customs, festival festival, folk art, craft products, such as cooking, form the colorful folk customs, folk customs tourism provides a good condition.